The master plan for Nicosia had its beginning in 1979. The project was based on the idea that the prolonged separate development of the divided city would make uniform development difficult in the future. The United Nations Development Program (UNDP) coordinated the project with the assistance of UNHCR and European Union funding. Third phase In 1986 the plan entered its third phase, of protecting and reviving traditional built-up areas within the city walls that have been recognized as significant parts of Nicosia. Typical examples are to be found in the neighborhoods of Chrysaliniotissa and Arabahmet, where mostly 19th-century buildings have been restored and handed over for use as residences or as artists’ studios. The same has been done with a group of houses built in 1900 in Saman Bahce, near the Kyrenia Gate.