What is the greatest new challenge for Greece? At this time I think there are four major challenges Greece must face in order to remain competitive and to benefit from the rapidly developing European and international environment of which it is a part. First and foremost is education, second is the health system, third is social insurance and the fourth, which also involves the first three, is public administration. Success in these areas will be decisive in enabling Greece to play a substantial role in regional events and in the EU. But failure will make us no more than passive observers of events that deeply affect us but which we will be in no position to control, even in part. A simple glance at the impressive transformations of Ireland and Finland, countries which until recently were among the poor and sidelined, is sufficient to show the significance of the challenge and to make us aware of the dangers involved in failing to respond to this challenge.