Energy-producing plants

Energy crops are either cultivated or self-sown plants that produce biomass, which can then be used to generate energy, electricity and solid and liquid fuels. The plants in use are: Plants containing oil, such as rapeseed, soy and sunflower, to produce oil and then biodiesel; plants containing sugar (sugar beet, sugar cane, sweet sorghum) for bioethanol; starch-containing plants (cereals, corn) for bioethanol; grain sorghum (reeds and agricultural waste) to produce electricity and solid state fuels.