Pollution carried into the Thermaic Gulf by rivers or simply dumped there by tanneries and other industries is placing a huge burden on the body of water and its ability to support life. Though there has been some improvement in recent years, there is still much substantial work to be done. There is no administration, no surveillance, no penalties, no justice and promises are not delivered. For these matters to be solved there needs to be much more political will as well as resources. The state must reach deep into its pocket. Prayers and good will not solve the pollution problems in the Thermaic Gulf or any other environmental problem in Greece. Constantinos Fytianos is an associate professor of chemistry at the Aristotle University of Thessaloniki and scientific adviser to the Environmental Pollution Control Laboratory.