The fact that a state of emergency has been declared on the Aegean islands highlights a second threat faced by Greece every summer, namely the water famine. Particularly in tourist areas, whose populations increase manifold in the vacation period, the problem is very difficult to solve. And it becomes even more difficult when various state services are involved. For although the central administration provided for the Cyclades and made available the necessary funds, local government failed to absorb them. In any case, the water shortage problem is a nationwide one and piecemeal measures are ineffective. The citizens of this country would prefer to see a National Water Management Plan that takes into account the particular conditions of each region and the respective water needs for the foreseeable future. Water is becoming an increasingly precious resource and an effort must immediately be made by the state, local government and citizens. A water famine can be averted.