Illegal immigration is the greatest challenge to Greece’s national security at the present time. Officials at the Citizens’ Protection Ministry appear to have realized the magnitude of the problem. As a result, they are trying to coordinate and mobilize the entire state apparatus in an attempt to deal with the domestic repercussions of this global phenomenon. Their reaction, albeit long-delayed, is a positive development, as the growing presence in a number of neighborhoods in the center of Athens of large groups of illegal immigrants is starting to take on unmanageable proportions. This country can no longer cope with the existing influx of illegal immigrants, which now stands at some 100,000 a year. As for the other officials in George Papandreou’s Socialist administration, they must finally realize that the issue not only concerns the police but also the ministries of Defense and the Foreign, which also have to take action as soon as possible.