Cyprus tackles money laundering

NICOSIA – Cyprus has declared war on international financial crime, adopting tough anti-money laundering laws in its drive toward EU accession, but is finding it difficult to shake off the stigma of being a tax haven. I think government anti-money laundering legislation is among the strictest in the world, and the real problem is with this image of a tax haven, which needs to be rectified, financial analyst Pambos Papageorgiou told AFP. We need to be seen to be clean and the government needs a coordinated PR campaign to address that fact. A preferential tax regime, a web of double-taxation agreements and the country’s strategic location have made Cyprus an important international financial hub. Foreign companies account for some 5 percent of the island’s GDP, while resident international companies are important employers. The fact that Cyprus is an international business center brings it under scrutiny, but I don’t think all this [bad publicity] is really justified because it is doing everything that it needs to do to combat money laundering, Phidias Pilides of PriceWaterhouseCoopers said. You can never safeguard 100 percent, but Cyprus is minimizing any exposure to money laundering. Even though Cyprus has managed to avoid being included on offshore tax haven blacklists by satisfying international monitoring bodies, damaging allegations abound. Only last week it was forced to give a roll call of international organizations backing its stance on money laundering when ex-CIA Director James Woolsey was quoted in Italian daily La Repubblica as saying Cyprus was a conduit for Osama bin Laden’s treasure. The unwanted allegations were accompanied by other media reports linking the island to the prime suspect of the September 11 suicide attacks on the United States. We are happy the government, in the last two to three years, has made a concerted effort to remove its money-laundering tag, and we look forward to it taking further steps in lifting this shadow, Cyprus International Business Association (CIBA) President Mehran Eftekhar said. Eftekhar blames the ignorance of foreign journalists by not distinguishing between the government-controled south and the Turkish-held north of the island. The problem is there are ignorant journalists, say in America, who don’t make the distinction between north and south Cyprus. They should make clear that north Cyprus is a money-laundering center. This view was backed by Papageorgiou. Bin Laden was using banks in the occupied part to fund organizations, he said. A decade ago the image of Cyprus as a safe haven for dirty money may have been justified, but a raft of legislation approved as part of the drive for European Union membership has enabled the island to clean up its act. What is happening now was not in practice 10 years ago… there has been OECD pressure for greater transparency, said Eftekhar. The fact that the IMF, the G8’s Financial Action Task Force, the EU, the Council of Europe and the OECD have all given Cyprus a clean bill of health is testimony to its efforts against financial crime. The latest pat on the back came from the IMF which issued its report in July, after carrying out an inquiry at the government’s request. Cyprus has grown accustomed to tarnishing media allegations suggesting offshore banks held fortunes belonging to deposed Yugoslav leader Slobodan Milosevic or the ill-gotten gains of the Russia mafia. There are elements of a Yugoslav and Russian influx, but to be honest there is a much bigger problem in Guernsey, Jersey, the Isle of Man, London and New York and next door neighbor Israel, said Eftekhar. He said offshore banks like Barclay’s and HSBC have installed their own internal money-laundering measures. Despite denials, Cyprus was strongly associated with deposed Yugoslav President Slobodan Milosevic’s money laundering during his rule. Last December 1, the Yugoslav National Bank said US Treasury officials had traced $1 billion of Milosevic’s treasure to secret accounts in Cyprus. And Cyprus sent 25 boxes of files of possible evidence against the disgraced Yugoslav leader to the UN war crimes tribunal at The Hague. Yugoslav authorities allege Cyprus was a key money-laundering center for Milosevic during his rule, when an estimated $4 billion vanished. It was also regarded as a safe haven and laundering center for the Russian mob after the breakup of the Soviet Union. US authorities estimated that $1 billion a month was being laundered through Cyprus in 1997 and 1998 in the post-Soviet era. But earlier this year, the US Treasury declared Cyprus a model for the region because of the raft of anti-money laundering legislation now in place. We have introduced tougher legislation in our continued effort to clamp down on money laundering, government spokesman Michalis Papapetrou told AFP. As part of the ongoing campaign, Attorney General Alecos Markides has proposed that the authorities should not wait for EU directives but go it alone and implement pioneering legislation to safeguard the island’s clean reputation.

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