The Greek state’s cash reserves stood at 34.5 billion euros at the end of 2020, according to the Bank of Greece balance sheet released on Monday.
The general government’s deposits in the Bank of Greece stood at €24.1 billion in December, from €29.1 billion in October, €28.2 billion in September, €26.6 billion in August and €25.3 billion in July, boosted by a series of bond issues that largely offset the financial cost of support measures implemented by the government to help households and enterprises hit by the pandemic. The Greek state also has deposits worth €10.4 billion in commercial banks.
Liquidity raised by Greek banks from the Eurosystem reached 41.2 billion euros in 2020. Bank of Greece Governor Yannis Stournaras said that this capital was essentially a subsidy by the European Central Bank to credit institutions since it was offered with negative interest rates up to -1%.
The central banker noted that the biggest part of this liquidity was deposited by banks in the Bank of Greece, while another €12 billion was used to buy Greek state bonds, and only €5.5 billion was distributed as new loans.