Prime Minister Antonis Samaras is due to hold talks at noon on Monday with his Italian counterpart Enrico Letta.
The Italian leader arrived in the Greek capital on Sunday ahead of a meeting with Samaras at the Maximos Mansion on Monday.
Sources said that youth unemployment, illegal immigration and the Trans Adriatic Pipeline (TAP) would be the key issues up for discussion.
In an interview with the Athens-Macedonia News Agency, Letta said that his main aim is to show support for the Greeks and tell them «that there is a Europe which wants to help Greece so Greece can help itself.”
Before his visit, Letta took to social networking site Twitter to tell followers that he would be coming to Athens to “tell the Greeks that we want a different Europe.”
He said that his key words would be “work, culture and hope.” He added that Athens should be a symbol of “an EU that must change.”
Letta was appointed Italy’s prime minister in April following national elections. He is a member of the center-left Democratic Party.